Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||9. Texts and Sources|
|カテゴリー2：||Other Basic Texts|
This is a work investigating Sanshatakusen (The Oracles of the Three Shrines, see Sansha takusen (var. Sanja takusen) ). It was written by Ise Sadatake and consists of one volume. The colophon is dated 1784. Sadatake argued that Sansha takusen, which was popular in his day, was actually a spurious work compiled by Urabe Kanetomo in order to portray his family, which specialized in divination (kiboku), as a house of Shinto. Sadatake found it dubious that Sansha takusen, which deal with the three shrines of Amaterasu Kōtai Jingū, Hachiman Daibosatsu, and Kasuga Daimyōjin, used the term sansha takusen which did not appear in any of the national histories or any record. Sadatake claimed that appearance of a divine oracle was an important event for the state, and the circumstances surrounding the appearance of a divine message should have been submitted to the governing official, where it would be inspected and then officially recorded. Next, Sadatake took issue with the problem of the organization and contents of Sansha takusen pointing out that it shared a theological outlook with Buddhism, and both the style and terminology of the text were at variance with the ancient liturgies (norito). Therefore, he concluded that Sansha takusen was forgery produced by Kanetomo, who created a doctrine by borrowing from Buddhist teachings, which used the three embodiments of Amida as a reference. Sadatake viciously attacked Kanetomo for creating a forgery and for making claims to be honest and pure of heart. In response to those who argued that the document could still be respected, because it instructor people in proper morality, Sadatake concluded that, from the standpoint of Confucianism, using fraud to teach principles (sagi ni yoru hōben) is a method that ought to be eliminated.
Ise Sadatake (1717-1784) is known as a scholar of ancient practices and as the author of Sadatake zakki, and he was a member of the Ise family, a house renowned for passing the knowledge of etiquette and decorum for the warrior class during the Muromachi. In response to the Yoshida family, which oversaw all the priests (shinshoku) of the nation at the time, Watarai Nobutsune and Yoshimi Yoshikazu and others criticized the Yoshida family's legitimacy, invigorating the research and investigation of Shinto texts, even in individuals outside of the circle of Shinto priests. Sadatake reflected contemporary trends in his reconsideration of ancient rites and kokugaku (National Learning), conducting historical investigations into Shinto and producing Sansha takusen kō is evidence to this effect. This text is contained in Shintō sōsetsu (Kokusho hankōkai, 1911; reprinted in 1993, Yumani Shobō).
— Mori Mizue