Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities|
Founder of Fusōkyō, one of the thirteen Meiji-era groups of so-called "sectarian Shinto" (Kyōha Shintō). Born on the ninth day of the ninth month (lunar) of 1844 in the town of Kumanojō (located in the Satsuma domain's Satsuma District, present-day city of Sendai, Kagoshima Prefecture), Nakaba was the second son of the rural samurai Shishino Kyūzaemon. In his youth, Shishino studied National Learning (kokugaku) as a disciple of Hirata Atsutane. Following the Meiji Restoration, he was appointed to the Ministry of Religious Education (Kyōbushō) in 1872 under fellow Satsuma natives Tanaka Yoritsune and Iwashita Masahira. The following year, however, he resigned his post at the Ministry to become a Senior Lecturer (daikōgi) in the Shinto school known as the Great Teaching Institute (taikyōin), also taking on the responsibilities of Chief Priest (gūji) at the Shizuoka Prefecture shrine Sengen Jinja. While simultaneously serving as administrative priest (shikan) of several smaller shrines in the area, he drew up plans to consolidate the disparate local chapters of the mountain worship confraternity Fujikō. In 1873, he began a movement to establish the independent confraternity Fuji Issan Kōsha, and one year later led the movement to forcefully remove Buddhist elements from Mount Fuji, (a movement generally known as haibutsu kishaku). In 1875, Shishino attracted Itō Rokurobei of the Shinto confraternity Maruyamakō to join his ranks, thereupon establishing the denominational association Fusō Kyōkai as an affiliate of the Shinto Office (Shintō Jimukyoku). In 1882, he facilitated the split between the association and the Shinto Office, thus transforming the denomination Fusō Kyōkai into the independent religion Fusōkyō.
Shishino also contributed greatly to the founding of the Kōten Kōkyūsho (Research Institute for the Imperial Classics, predecessor of Kokugakuin University), and along with such figures as Inoue Yorikuni and Kubo Sueshige composed the Kōten Kōkyūsho sōsetsu kokubun (Founding Constitution of the Research Institute for the Imperial Classics). Not long after being appointed as first Superintendent (kanchō ) of Fusōkyō, Shishino died suddenly on May 13, 1884 at the age of forty-one.
— Inoue Nobutaka