Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1: 9. Texts and Sources
カテゴリー2: Other Basic Texts
This two volume work is the magnum opus of Ōkuni (known at the time as Nonoguchi) Takamasa and was finished in 1855 and includes a two volume appendix entitled Gyojū mondō. Faced with increasing Western influence following the "opening" of Japan, Takamasa argued that it was necessary for Japan to reform its national character so that it might one day become a "great imperial power" which would rise to establish an empire that would rule over all nations of the world. According to Ōkuni, this reformation of the national character was to be best achieved through the teachings of loyalty and filial piety based upon honkyō hongaku and through the teaching of mutual aid (aitasuku) based upon the work ethic of family industries. The appended Gyojū mondō addresses in question-and-answer format the main points of hongaku that should be used in discussions with Westerners. This work clearly shows Takamasa's often-expressed position that his scholarship should be seen as "the study of receiving foreigners." Hongaku kyoyō is included in Ōkuni Takamasa zenshū, volume 1 (1937, Yūkōsha), and in Nihon shisō taikei, Hirata Atsutane, Ban Nobutomo and Ōkuni Takamasa (1973, Iwanami Shoten).
— Takeda Hideaki

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