Encyclopedia of Shinto

詳細表示 (Complete Article)

カテゴリー1: 9. Texts and Sources
カテゴリー2: Other Basic Texts
The author and year of completion of this single volume Ryōbu Shintō text are unknown. The title kunge can be also read as kunkai, or even kinge. Although it is said that this is a work by Kūkai, it is believed that the original version of the text was completed towards the end of the Heian period (794-1185), with the current version being completed during the Kamakura period (1185-1333) by priests of the Jimon branch of the Tendai sect of Buddhism based at Onjyōji and Yoshidzusengūin at Ise. This text is the oldest-known commentary on Nakatomi-no-harae in existence, and is also one of the earliest Ryōbu Shintō works. The original format of Nakatomi-no-harae was that of the ōharaekotoba (which were intended to be read aloud) but these were rewritten in the style of formal documents presented at court, thus, creating the current document. This text was used by the Jingikan during the middle of the Heian period, and by the end of the Heian it had become widespread through its use in harae rites by Yin-Yang diviners (onmyōji) and the shrine priests (shinkan) of the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū). The commentary found in Nakatomi-no-harae kunge is based upon the esoteric teachings (taimitsu) of the Tendai Buddhist sect. This work had great influence on Shintō gobusho and Reiki ki. Nakatominoharae kige is its alternate version. Nakatomi-no-harae kunge is included in Shintō taikei, Kotenchūshaku-hen, Nakatominoharae chūshaku; Nihon Shisō Taikei, Chūsei Shintō-ron (1977, Iwanami Shoten); and Ōharaekotoba chūshaku taisei Volume 1 (1941, Naigai Shoseki).
— Satō Masato

Pronunciation in Japanese/用語音声

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