- Encyclopedia of Shinto
- Kōgakkan University
Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||3. Institutions and Administrative Practices|
|カテゴリー2：||Modern and Contemporary|
A Shinto university established in response to the destruction of antiquities in the midst of the civilization and enlightenment (bunmei kaika) movement of the Meiji period. Its founding principle was the exposition of an ethics and a learning rooted in Japanese history, the promotion of a healthy, ethical life and devotion to the development of Japanese culture. The university was founded in 1882 when Imperial Prince Kuni no miya Tomoyoshi ordered the creation of an institute for imperial studies within the Hayashisaki archive of the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū). In 1903, the institute became an official college within the Ise shrine office (Jingū shichō), but it remained under the jurisdiction of the Home Ministry. In 1940, the college shifted to Education Ministry jurisdiction and was restyled the Jingū kōgakkan daigaku (Ise Kōgakkan University). At the end of the war, however, SCAP abolished the university and its 64 year history came to an end.
In 1963, the university was re-constituted as an independent educational charity. A high school was founded the following year, a junior college in 1967, and a middle school in 1980. At the time of its foundation, it comprised literature and history sections within a department of humanities. In 1976, it added an education section and two years on it acquired a Shinto studies section. Postgraduate courses in literature, history, and Shinto studies have been available from 1966 when the post-graduate school was founded. In 1983 a program was introduced for the advanced training of Shinto priests. Two research institutes are attached to the university: 1) the Shinto Research Institute or Shintō kenkyūjo founded in 1973, which aims to promote the academic study of Shintō; 2) the Historical Archive or Shiryō hensanjo, founded in 1975, whose purpose is the collation, study, and editing of documents essential to the study of Japanese culture. In 1989, a Shintō museum was opened which has on permanent display a wide range of sources relating to Shintō, local history, and archaeology. In 1982 the university celebrated its hundredth anniversary.
— Ishii Kenji