Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1: 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
カテゴリー2: Personalities
Tachibana Mitsuyoshi
Text (1635-173)
Shintoist of the early Edo period. His formal name was Mitsuyoshi, written光義 or 美津与志, and he used the epistolary name Ishōan and others. He was given the Shinto religious name (reishagō) Jureishin by the Yoshida house.
Tachibana was born in 1635, in Hirado of Hizen Province (in present-day Nagasaki Prefecture). He studied Yoshida Shintō under Miyauchi Masayo, a priest (kannushi) of the shrine Sengen Jinja in Fuchū, Suruga Province (present-day Shizuoka Prefecture) and created his own religious tradition.
Tachibana named his teachings the Fifty-Six Transmissions of Sōgen Shintō; in the beginning, he gave popularized Shinto lectures (Shintō kōshaku) in the Asakusa district of Edo. He also made pilgrimages to the highest ranking shrines ("first shrines" or ichinomiya) of the various provinces, and compiled this knowledge as Ichinomiya junkeiki (Record of Pilgrimage to the Provincial First Shrines). His pilgrimage spanned a period of twenty-three years, starting in the fourth month of 1675 and ending on the fifteenth day of the ninth month of 1697. As his epitaph states, he "made pilgrimages to the 'first shrines' of the sixty-eight provinces of Japan, dedicating the Sacred Prayers." At each shrine, he dedicated a wood-block print of the Nakatomi Purification Liturgy (Nakatomi no harae), attaching his own postscript.
Tachibana's disciples included Mukasa Tanba, priest (kannushi) of Hikawa Shrine in Ōmiya, Musashi Province (in present-day Saitama Prefecture), who enshrined a sickle as the "Divine Body" of worship (shintai) and was well versed in secret rituals and religious practices; Mukasa founded a theory of "Four Bows Shinto" (Shintō Shikyū), generally known as Yumiya Shintō (Shinto of Bow and Arrow). Tachibana was also a friend of Masuho Zankō (1655-1742). He died on the seventh day of the third month, 1703, at the age of sixty-nine. His writings include Shintō shihon engi, Shintō atsumegusa, and Nakatomi no harae shūsetsu. See also Shintō kōshaku.

—Yazaki Hiroyuki

Pronunciation in Japanese/用語音声

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