Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities|
Confucianist and Shintoist of the Warring Provinces (sengoku) period. He used the epistolary name Kansuiken, and was given the religious name Sōyū. Born 1475 as the third son of Yoshida Kanetomo (1435-1511), he was adopted by Kiyohara Munekata. Nobukata was sequentially assigned to the court offices mondo no shō, ōi no kami, kurōdo and shōnagon, and was conferred the Senior Third rank of a palace steward (jijū).
As a scholar responsible for the myōgyōdō (curriculum of Chinese classics) of Confucian education, he was given the office of jidoku (court scholar responsible for the instruction of the aristocracy), and while on the one hand lecturing to warriors, courtiers and members of the Buddhist clergy, he occasionally also traveled to the provinces, where he lectured to domainal lords (daimyō) such as Wakasa's lord Takeda and Echizen's lord Asakura. His scholarship was not limited to the study of Chinese classics passed down within his family; he was versed in a broad array of subjects, including Japanese classics, linguistics, law and the Yoshida Shintō of his birth family, and he authored numerous works on these subjects.
In regards to his achievements within Shinto, he inherited the family teachings of his birth father Yoshida Kanetomo, and on occasion would lecture on the Nihon shoki and Nakatomi no harae. He was also author of such commentaries on these works as the Nihon shokishō and Nakatomi no haraekai. He debated Hirano Kanenaga and prevented the extinction of the Yoshida Shintō tradition arising from the precipitous departure of Kanemitsu, then head of the Yoshida school, by passing on the tradition's teachings to the young Yoshida Kanemigi (1516-73, Nobukata's own second child). Nobukata's Shinto is sometimes referred to as Seike Shintō to discriminate it from that of the Yoshida family tradition. Kiyohara died on the twentieth day of the seventh month of 1550 at the age of seventy-six, while staying in Ichijōdani of Echizen (present-day Fukui Province).
- Itō Satoshi