Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities|
Imperial loyalist and member of the Shinto priesthood (shinshoku) in the late Edo and Meiji periods. Born on the thirteenth day of the first month of 1839 as the eldest son of Kashima Noritaka, who was Senior Chief Priest (daigūji; see gūji) of the shrine Kashima Jingū in Hitachi Province (present-day Ibaraki Prefecture). With the epistolary name Ōu, Kashima was a master of Japanese and Chinese classics, and deeply involved in affairs of state. In 1865 he was exiled to the island Hachijōjima in the Izu archipelago south of Edo. He was pardoned in 1869, and upon returning to his home, established the Keimeikan Academy with his own private funds and engaged in the education of the next generation.
In 1873 Kashima became Supreme Priest at the Kashima shrine, and in 1884 he was appointed Supreme Priest at the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū). In the course of the fifteen years that he served in this capacity, he revised the Meiji Period Liturgy for the Grand Shrines (Jingū Meiji saishiki), contributed to the editing of the Encyclopedia of Ancient Matters (Koji ruien), and oversaw the expansion of the Grand Shrines' Hayashizaki Library (Hayashizaki bunko). He took responsibility for a fire of May 1898 that damaged the Inner Shrine (Naikū) at Ise and retired from the priesthood. His extensive personal collection of books was dubbed the Sakurayama Library. Kashima died October 10, 1901, at the age of sixty-three.
- Nakanishi Masayuki