Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1: 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
カテゴリー2: Personalities
Inō Hidenori
Text (185-77)
Shintoist, poet and scholar of National Learning (kokugaku) in the late Edo and early Meiji periods. Also went by other names including Sanemon, Sanzō and Geki, and used the epistolary names Kōson and Baiu. Inō was born in 1805 in Sawara Village, Katori District, Shimousa Province (present-day Chiba Prefecture). Hidenori studied Japanese poetry (waka) under Kōyama Natsura (1788-1883), Oyamada Tomokiyo (1783-1847) and Inoue Fumio (1799-1871), and classics under Hirata Kanetane (1799-1880). During the Kaei era (1848-54) of the Edo period, he closed his family business (a kimono textile shop going by the name of Abura-ya) and opened a private academy in the town of Kameido, within the outlying eastern regions of Edo, where he primarily taught waka poetry and kokugaku.
In 1864, when the Grand Shrine Katori Jingū established a kokugaku academy called the Shōkokan, Inō was appointed as a teacher. He was made a copyist at the newly reestablished Jingikan (Department of Divinities) in 1868, and was appointed successively to posts as Senior Associate (daijokyō) at the University, Provisional Associate Professor of Indoctrination (senkyō gon chūhakushi), Senior Lecturer (daikōgi) in the Office of Preceptors (Kyōdōshoku), as well as serving jointly as Junior Chief Priest shōgūji (see gūji) of Katori Jingū and Provisional Junior Prefect of Instruction (gon shōkyōsei) in the Kyōdōshoku.
While serving in these capacities, he maintained a lively correspondence with contemporaries such as Kurokawa Harumura (1796-1866), Inoue Yorikuni (1893-1914) and other scholars, and along with his hometown compatriot Suzuki Masayuki (1837-1872) sought to promote a local academic tradition termed "Shimousa Kokugaku." His disciples include Konakamura Kiyonori and Kimura Masakoto (1827-1913). Hidenori died July 11, 1877, at the age of seventy-three. He was the author of Dainipponshi ruimei shōkun (Lessons on Classification in the History of Great Japan), Shintō shinron (New Lectures on Shinto), Ōbairoku, Natsugoromoshū, Waka dōyu, Hyakunin isshu shinshaku and Gusaku sansoku, among other works.

- Yazaki Hiroyuki

Pronunciation in Japanese/用語音声

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