Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||4. Jinja (Shrines)|
"Mountain shrine" and "village shrine." In cases where a shrine complex is composed of multiple sanctuaries, the one located at the top or midway up the side of a mountain is called the yamamiya (mountain shrine), while the one located at the foot of the mountain is called the satomiya (village shrine). Yamamiya may also be called okumiya or okusha (remote shrine), while satomiya found low on the mountain is sometimes called the shimosha (lower shrine).
According to the most commonly accepted explanation, satomiya were first established to allow more convenient worship of kami originally enshrined in remote yamamiya located up the mountain. In some cases, a single yamamiya may be associated with multiple satomiya. Also, while the satomiya normally functions as a shrine continuously throughout the year, the yamamiya is accessible only during festivals and during the period from spring until early fall, when the mountain is considered "open" to visitors. Representative examples of yamamiya-satomiya pairs can be found at the shrines Mitake Jinja, Sengen Jinja, and Kanasana Jinja.
— Nakayama Kaoru