Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities|
|カテゴリー2：||Modern Sectarian Groups|
A Shintō-derived new religion founded by Ishii Reizan (original name Iwayoshi, 1884-58). The group's origins stem from a revelation received by Ishii in 1932. Deeply devout since childhood, Ishii had experienced mystical visitations on the occasion of his mother's illness, and had attempted to heal her through the "laying on of hands." In 1936 he published Shinreikai yomihon ("Spirit world reader") and had already gathered numerous followers, especially in Tokyo.
Under the prewar Religious Organizations Law (Shūkyō Dantaihō), the movement was registered as a religious association (shūkyō kessha), but following the end of World War II it became a legally independent religious body, first under the Religious Corporations Ordinance (Shūkyō Hōjinrei) in 1946, and later under the Religious Corporations Law (Shūkyō Hōjinhō) in 1953.
Ishii Reizan died in 1958, and his eldest son Iwashige (1939-) succeeded him as the second leader, likewise adopting the religious name Reizan in 1965. Thereafter, the movement expanded its facilities, building a training center (dōjō) at Isegahara in Kanagawa Prefecture and completing the Keiai Kaikan ("Reverence Hall") at its headquarters. It compiled a body of scriptures based on the earlier Shinreikai dokuhon; in them one finds emphasized the notions of a humanistic faith and the protective blessings of the kami and buddhas. The movement also affirms that as followers deepen their faith, individual protective spirits descend to guard them.
Nominal membership: approximately 157,000 (M)