Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1: 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
カテゴリー2: Personalities
Tsurumine Shigenobu
Text (1786-1859)
Shinto intellectual and scholar of National Learning (kokugaku) of the late Edo period. Tsurumine was born in 1786 as the son of Tsurumine Nobutsuna, priest of Yasaka Shrine in Usuki, Bungo Province (present-day Oita Prefecture), and showed a keen interest in the study of Japanese and Chinese classics from early childhood. In 1804, he went to Kyoto and studied kokugaku thought under Yamada Mochifumi (1761-1835), then entered the Abe (Tsuchimikado) House private school as a student, where he mastered the principles of astronomical physics.
He subsequently settled in Osaka, but in 1832 at the age of forty-five, he moved to Edo and there opened a private school called Kyūrijuku (Academy of Physics), where he advocated the discipline of kyūrigaku, his own unique blend of astronomy with Japanese and Chinese classics. He simultaneously served at Mito Domain's Editorial Office of Japanese Texts (Washo Henshūjo), and participated in the compilation of the works Shaku Man'yōshū and Fusō Shūyōshō.
After the arrival of Commodore Perry, Tsurumine was consulted by Tokugawa Nariaki (1800-60), a prominent shogunate official and lord of Mito Domain, and in reply he presented a proposal advising cultivation of friendly relations with overseas countries. He died on the twenty-fourth day of the eighth month of 1859 at the age of seventy-two. He wrote prolifically; his main works include Ame no mahashira, Kyūri wakumon, Gogaku shinsho, and others.

—Takeda Hideaki

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