|This term signifies a particular school of thought that espoused the idea of shunning and expelling Buddhism. It also refers to the historic movement that based on this type of thought eventually destroyed Buddhist temples, halls, images, and ritual implements and forcibly laici...
|Han honjisuijakusetsu (Anti-honjisuijaku thought)
|This term covers a range of theories that were created during the medieval period which argue for the superiority of indigenous kami over Buddhist deities. These theories were voiced in opposition to the Buddhist honji suijaku theory which posited that the kami were merely local ma...
|The term honji suijaku refers to the idea that the Buddhist deities provisionally appear as Shinto kami in order to spiritually save sentient beings in Japan. The kami are thus the manifestations ( suijaku ; literally "traces;" i.e. the form appearing in the world to save ...
|The common appellation given to a branch of Edo-period scholarship and thought that had the interpretation of Japanese classics and ancient literature as its subject. At times it also displayed a discourse that aimed at restoring the classical world of ancient Japan. Analogous co...
|The term Mitogaku signfies the scholarship and academic traditions that arose in the Mito Domain, one of the Go-Sanke (the three highest ranking branches of the Tokugawa clan) of the Edo period. This academic school was also called "Suifu no gaku," and "Tenpōgaku,...
|Sansha takusen (var. Sanja takusen)
|Oracles ( takusen ) of the three deities Tenshō-kōtaijingū (Amaterasu), Hachiman Daibosatsu, and Kasuga Daimyōjin that circulated widely from the middle ages until the early modern period. This term also refers to an object of worship that takes the form of a hanging scroll inscri...
|"New kokugaku ." A movement for the revival and rebirth of kokugaku in the modern period. The term refers in particular to the discipline of folklore-based studies of Japanese culture, as advocated in the postwar period by Yanagita Kunio and Orikuchi Shinobu. According ...
|According to this line of thinking, Japan was created by its native kami and its divine creators conferred upon it a special protection. This notion was not originally a chauvinistic one. However, there were occasions when it was used in this way, especially during moments of mounti...
|The idea of sonnō signified reverence for the ruling monarchy of a state or realm. In ancient China, Confucius (551-479 BC) venerated the then-defunct court of Zhou. He called for the orderly unification of the divided realm and state under the authority of this dynasty. A process wh...
|The Unity of Shintō, Confucianism and Bhuddism
|The notion of shinjubutsu itchi held that Shinto, Confucianism and Buddhism are ultimately identical. Ideas of the one-ness of Shinto, Confucianism and Buddhism saw their greatest expansion during the medieval period and into the early modern period, and it is thought that there ...