Basic Terms of Shinto 神道基本用語集

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Kokka Shintô,Kôdô,Saisei itchi
Text State Shinto. The prewar Japanese state distinguished the religious ceremonies of the imperial court and of the shrines from those of other religions. Shrine rites and education fell under public administration, as well as shrine administration and policy. After the second world war, the Occupation authorities issued an order calling for the abolition of this system, which it termed State Shinto. State Shinto was founded on the idea that the prosperity of the nation, the safety of the imperial house, and the happiness of the people are blessings granted when human politics coincide with the will of the gods. This view is expressed by the term saisei itchi, or unity of worship and rule. In ancient Japanese, the same word (matsurigoto) was used to refer to both religious rites and government. Some use the term kôdô (Imperial Way) to designate this ideal conduct of politics, seeing the emperor's official worship of Amaterasu Ômikami and the gods of heaven and earth as fundamental conditions of government.