Basic Terms of Shinto 神道基本用語集
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Shingon shintô,Ryôbu shûgô Shintô
|Also called Ryôbu Shintô, an interpretation of Shinto according to the doctrines of the Shingon sect of Buddhism. In the esoteric Shingon sect, the unity of the metaphysical world with the phenomenal and natural world is explained via the dualistic principles of the Kongôkai (vajradhatu or diamond world) and Taizôkai (garbhadhatu or womb world). According to this interpretation, the relative is equivalent to the absolute and phenomenon is equivalent to noumenon. This principle was extended to assert that the native Japanese deities are equivalent to the Buddhas; for example, Amaterasu ômikami is viewed as equivalent to Dainichi Nyorai (Mahavairocana). This school of thought was said to have been initiated by Kûkai (773-835), the founder of the Shingon sect in Japan, but it is in fact a later development. Kûkai was, however, a strong believer in Shinto deities, and established the shrine Nibutsuhime Jinja as the tutelary deity of Kôyasan, the mountain monastery which he founded. See also honji-suijaku setsu, shinbutsu shûgô.