Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||7. Concepts and Doctrines|
Ancestral spirits. The term is used frequently to refer to a soul that no longer possesses individual characteristics. As Yanagita Kunio has shown, for a certain period of time (thirty-three years in many cases) after death a soul receives memorial services and is called a shiryō (spirit of the dead). This is distinguished from a sorei, which has lost its individuality. Some posit that sorei may be further elevated to become deified spirits (shinrei, mitama). A family or a community may worship such deified ancestral spirits as their "ancestral deity" (sojin) or "tutelary deity" (ujigami).
— Nishioka Kazuhiko