Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||5. Rites and Festivals|
|カテゴリー2：||Rituals in Daily Life|
A fire festival event usually held around the fifteenth of January. It can be found throughout most of the country, but is referred to by such names as tondo, dondonyaki, saitōyaki, bokkengyō, and sankurōyaki, depending on the region. There is also a fair amount of regional variation in the date and the event's proceedings. Many possible explanations for the term's origins have been offered. One holds that because sagichō is homonymous with the word for "heron" the event is connected to bird-hunting or bird-chasing, while another suggests it comes from the word gijō, the stick used in a polo-like game introduced from China). The true etymology remains uncertain. Whatever the case, the event itself involves assembling, stacking, and burning the pine New Year's door ornaments from the households in a given community at a particular location such as a village's border, a commons, or in a field. The event in some cases takes place in the form of a ritual at a shrine under such names as matsutaki matsuri or shimeyaki shinji, while in other cases may be combined with festivals for sai no kami- or dōsojin and bird-chasing events. A similar kind of fire festival event called the onibi or the onibitaki is held in Kyūshū on the sixth or seventh day of January. In some regions one can find an observance held on New Year's Eve called toshikoshitondo in which old shimenawa (ropes used to demarcate sacred space) and disused items from household altars (kamidana) are collected and burned.
— Iwai Hiroshi