Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||2. Kami (Deities)|
|カテゴリー2：||Kami in Classic Texts|
|Text||[Ōnamuchi no kami] (Kojiki)
Usually considered an alternate name for the kami Ōkuninushi, although works like Izumo fudoki and Izumo no kuni no miyatsuko kan'yogoto describe Ōnamuchi as a "land-forming kami." As a result, it appears likely that Ōnamuchi was originally an indigenous land-creating kami of the Izumo region which was later adapted to the mythology of Kojiki and Nihongi.
The main text of Nihongi is alone in describing Ōnamuchi as the child of Susanoo, while Kojiki and an "alternate writing" transmitted by Nihongi state that he was Susanoo's sixth-generation descendant. Descriptions of Ōnamuchi in the fudoki represent him as having the strong characteristics of an agricultural deity. Also, another "alternate writing" in Nihongi relates that at the time of the "transfer of the land" (kuniyuzuri) preceding the Descent of the Heavenly Grandchild (tenson kōrin), the deity Takamimusuhi vowed to construct a palace for Ōnamuchi, and appointed Amenohohi to carry out rites in his honor. As a result, the Izumo kokusō (local governors of Izumo) were considered descendants of Amenohohi.