Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1: 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
カテゴリー2: Personalities
Takenouchi Shikibu
Text (1712-67)
Proponent of Suika Shintō in the mid-Edo period. His formal name was Takamochi, and he used the epistolary names Shūan and Seian. He was born in Niigata, Kanbara District of Echigo Province (present-day Niigata Prefecture) in 1712, in a hereditary physician's household. At the age seventeen or eighteen he left for Kyoto and became a servant of the aristocrat Tokudaiji Sanenori (1713-40), studying through much hardship. At the beginning he studied with Matsuoka Yūen (1701-83); subsequently with Matsuoka's mentor Tamaki Masahide (1670-1736), and inherited the tradition of Kikke Shintō. He also frequented the private school Bōnankenjuku run by Wakabayashi Kyōsai (1679-1732), successor to Asami Keisai (1652-1711), and he cultivated friendships with Nishiyori Seisai (1702-1797), Kume Teisai (1699-1784), and others. Tokudaiji Kinmura (1730-82) recognized his brilliance and appointed him to give lectures to the young courtiers on the sacred texts from a Suika Shintō perspective. Using Seiken Igen by Asami Keisai and Hōken Taiki by Kuriyama Senbō, Takenouchi discussed topics such as the correct relations of Sovereign and subjects and the three sacred regalia, propagating imperial loyalism among the young courtiers. He presented lectures on sacred texts to Emperor Momozono as well.
Such activity prompted an attempt to expel him by Chancellor (kanpaku) Konoe Uchisaki (1728-1785), and Provisional Prefect of Kami (jingi gon daifu) Yoshida Kaneo (1705-87) and others, a move sanctioned by the Magistrate of Kyoto. Takenouchi was consequently banished from Kyoto, while his courtier disciples were admonished in large numbers (the was called the Hōreki Incident).
Takenouchi was also involved in the so-called Meiwa Incident caused by Yamagata Daini and others. He died of illness at the age of fifty-six on the island of Miyakejima while on his way to exile on the island of Hachijōjima. His writing include Hōkō kokoroegaki and Nakatomi no harae kōgi.

—Nishioka Kazuhiko

Pronunciation in Japanese/用語音声

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