- Encyclopedia of Shinto
- Tamaki Masahide
Encyclopedia of Shinto
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|カテゴリー1：||8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities|
A Shintoist of the mid-Edo period, born on the seventh day of the twelfth month of 1670. A priest (shinkan) at the shrine Ume no Miya Taisha in Kyoto, Tamaki had the common names Kōsuke and Hyōgo, and his epistolary names included Isai and others. His posthumous "divine title" (reishagō) was Ihire Reisha.
In 1691, Tamaki received initiation in hikime (secret exorcistic rituals involving shooting arrows with special sound-producing tips), and meigen (plucking a bowstring to attract good fortune) from Susukida Mochisada (?-1705), and named his tradition Kikke Shintō, claiming to be the successor to the lineage of Tachibana Moroe (684-787). Subsequently he came to admire the teachings of Yamazaki Ansai (1618-82), and from around 1707 he studied under Yamazaki's disciple Izumoji Nobunao (1650-1703), who was priest (kannushi) of the shrine Shimo Mitama Yashiro. Tamaki then became a disciple of Ōgimachi Kinmichi (1653-1733) in 1713, and received the secretly transmitted Jijushō from Kinmichi in 1726.
Although many able Shintoists frequented his school, he was also criticized by disciples Matsuoka Yūen (1701-83), and Wakabayashi Kyōsai (1679-1732), a disciple of Asami Keisai (1652-1712), who asserted that his Shinto theories distorted Yamazaki Ansai's true intentions. He died on the eighth day of the seventh month of 1736, at the age of sixty-seven.
Tamaki's writings are predominantly records of transmissions and lecture notes; representative are Gyokusenshū, Genkonroku, Jindaikan moshiogusa, and others. His numerous works related to Kikke Shintō include Kikke shintai kanjōden, Kikke meigen kuden, Kikke hikime hiden, and others. See also Kikke Shintō.