Encyclopedia of Shinto

詳細表示 (Complete Article)

カテゴリー1: 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
カテゴリー2: Personalities
Suzuka Tsuratane
Text (1795-187)
Shinto practitioner and scholar of National Learning (kokugaku) in the late Edo period. Born in 1795 to a priestly family (shake) of the Kyoto shrine Yoshida Jinja. The Suzuka were hereditary family retainers to the Yoshida clan. Suzuka held the posts of Provisional Junior Undersecretary for Kami Affairs (jingi no gon-no-shōfuku) together with the ceremonial post Chizuzen no Kami (Protector of Chikuzen [present-day Fukuoka Prefecture]), as well as Yoshida Jinja Gon-Azukari (Provisional Custodian of Yoshida Shrine) and Yoshida house elder (karō).
Suzuka's childhood name was Kōmatsu, and he had the epistolary names Seisai and Shōseisha. He was the son of Takayoshi, his son was Nagaari, and he was said to be the descendent of Yoshiko, child of Nakatomi no Kurogane, who in turn was the twenty-third generation descendant of the kami Amenokoyane no mikoto.
Suzuka studied kokugaku under Yamada Mochibumi, waka (Japanese poetry) with Kagawa Kageki and Chinese classics as a student of Matsuoka Chūryō, and came to be known as a collector of fine books. He decried the ruinous state of the imperial mausolea, and along with Toda Tadayuki, Tanimori Yoshiomi, and others undertook a survey of the state of the tombs.
Suzuka was profoundly loyal to the Imperial house, and was a supporter of the imperial loyalists (shishi) of the late Tokugawa and Restoration era. In commemoration of his distinguished service in overseeing the reconstruction of shrine buildings and the revival of state-sponsored rites at Yoshida Jinja he was awarded the Junior Third court rank in 1866.
Yoshida devoted the latter half of his life to writing, producing many works in addition to editing the seventy-five volume Jinja kakuroku (Registry of Shrines). He died on the twentieth day of the eleventh month of 1870 at the age of seventy-six.

—Sugiyama Shigetsugu

Pronunciation in Japanese/用語音声

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