Encyclopedia of Shinto

詳細表示 (Complete Article)

カテゴリー1: 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
カテゴリー2: Personalities
Sonoda Moriyoshi
Text (1785-184)
Scholar of the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū) in the late Edo period, born to the Arakida lineage. Son of Sonoda Moritsura (1757-1812), Suppliant Priest (negi) at Ise's Inner Shrine (Naikū), Sonoda Moriyoshi was born in 1785 as the younger twin of Moritsune. His childhood name was Okinomaro, and his common name was Morii; he also used the epistolary name Saien Shujin.
Moriyoshi was appointed to the office of Provisional Suppliant Priest (gon-negi) at the age of five, and succeeded to the post of negi in 1812 at twenty-eight years of age. Various events at the Grand Shrines of the Bunsei era (1818-29), such as Sonoda's risking his life to fight a fire that threatened the shrine in order to protect the resident kami, as well as other incidents that occurred over the twenty-nine years Sonoda served as negi, are recorded in the ten-volume Moriyoshi hinami (Daily Chronicle of Moriyoshi).
Sonoda read deeply of the liturgy and national chronicles contained in the lineage traditions of the Sonoda Nishi kannushi (Shrine Priest) household, and he personally composed over two hundred works. Upon changing his family name from Arakida to Sonoda in 1816, he compiled the forty-four volume Jingū tenryaku, an expansive work that has become renown as a masterpiece bringing together the accumulated lore and knowledge of the Grand Shrines. Until his final years Sonoda labored to create a polished final version of the work Shin shakuryō no gike (New Interpretation and Explanation of Ancient Law Codes), a thirty-eight volume text highly praised for setting out the finest research on law codes, citing extensively from contemporary and ancient Japanese and Chinese sources on ancient law. He died on the eighteenth day of the sixth month of 1840 at the age of fifty-six.

—Nakanishi Masayuki

Pronunciation in Japanese/用語音声

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