Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1: 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
カテゴリー2: Personalities
Saeki Ariyoshi
Text (1867-1945)
Historian from the Meiji to the Showa eras. Born in the ninth month of 1867 in Nakaniikawa District, Toyama Prefecture, to the priest Saeki Arihisa of the shrine Oyama Jinja in Toyama's Tateyama region. Ariyoshi moved to Tokyo in 1882 and graduated from the Research Institute for the Japanese Classics (Koten Kōkyūsho) in 1887. From 1890 he served as an editor for the Koji ruien (Encyclopedia of Ancient Matters), heading the section on "divinities" (jingi).
In 1904 he began serving as Senior Ritualist (shōten) at the Imperial Household Ministry (Kunaishō), and the following year served in the Imperial Household Research Bureau where he drafted a proposal concerning various rites and ceremonies of the Imperial Household. He became administrator for imperial funerary rites in 1912, and thereafter also served on the Committee for Special Ceremonies and handled the duties of Section Chief in charge of liturgy (reiten), in each of these capacities upholding and refining the rites and ceremonies of the Imperial House.
During these years, Saeki also had charge of ceremonies at actual Shinto shrines, as he was appointed Chief Priest (gūji) at the shrine Keta Jinja in Ishikawa Prefecture in 1895. In 1912 he became the head of research leading to a new revised edition of the Rikkokushi (Six National Histories of Japan), one of his great achievements as a scholar of ancient documents. He became a lecturer at Kokugakuin University in 1927, a full professor there in 1936, and received an honorary doctorate in literature in 1943.
Saeki died September 1945 at the age of seventy-nine. His writings include Dainihon jingishi (History of the Divinities of Great Japan), and he edited the Shintō bunrui sōmokuroku (General Bibliography of Shinto).

—Mori Mizue

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Saeki Ariyoshi_ Archives Section of Kokugakuin University____