Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities|
Scholar of National Learning (kokugaku) and the Japanese language from the Meiji to the Taisho eras. Born on the twenty-eighth day of the fifth month of 1847 in the castle town of Kitsuki in the province of Bungo, in what is now Kitsuki City, Oita Prefecture. His father was kokugaku scholar Mozume Takayo. In his youth he studied the Chinese classics and kokugaku, and traveled to Nagasaki, where he undertook Western studies (so-called Dutch Learning or rangaku), and later moved to Kyoto to learn kokugaku under Tamamatsu Misao.
In the fifth month of 1870 Mozume was given the rank of Clerk (shishō) in the Office of Religious Instructors (senkyōshi) as part of the Great Promulgation Campaign (see taikyō senpu), and he also became a disciple of the teachings of Hirata Atsutane. Thereafter, he served as an Associate Secretary (chūroku) in the Ministry of Religious Education (Kyōbushō), and was then appointed gūji (Chief Priest) at the Dewa Sanzan shrines (Gassan, Yudonosan, and Dewa).
In 1883 Mozume was made assistant lecturer at Tokyo Imperial University's Department of Letters, was promoted to the rank of professor in 1886, and he received a doctoral degree in literature from the university in 1899. He retired after this, focusing his energies on editing his encyclopedic index of classic texts Gunso sakuin and its sister work, the Kōbunko, thereby contributing to the development of the study of the Japanese language. Mozume also devoted himself to Shinto and kokugaku-related works by serving as general editor of the Meiji Jinja shiryō (Meiji Shrine Poetry Compilation) and as editor of the Kōgaku sōsho (Series of Imperial Studies). He died June 23, 1928, at the age of eighty-two. His writings appear in the five-volume Mozume Takami zenshū, among other publications.
- Sakamoto Koremaru