Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1: 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
カテゴリー2: Personalities
Kurokawa Mayori
Text (1829-196)
Scholar of National Learning (kokugaku) of the Meiji era and Doctor of Literature (D.Lit). Professor Emeritus at Tokyo Imperial University. Born in Kiryū in the province of Kōzuke (present-day Gunma Prefecture), he had the original lineage name Kaneko. He became interested in the study of Japanese classical poetry from an early age, and studied kokugaku in Edo, where he was adopted by Kurokawa Harumura, a proponent of Kariya Ekisai's school of kokugaku.
In 1869 he became Junior Professor of the University (daigaku shōjokyō), and subsequently held a variety of government positions in the Ministry of Education (Monbushō), the Genrōin (Council of Elders, a legislative body preceding the establishment of the Diet), the Imperial Household Ministry (Kunaishō) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce (Nōshōmushō). In 1879 he became a professor at Tokyo Imperial University, where he remained until his retirement in 1902. During his tenure there, he also served as an adjunct lecturer at Tokyo Normal School (Tokyo Shihan Gakkō), Tokyo School of Fine Arts (Tokyo Bijutsu Gakkō) and the Tokyo School of Music (Tokyo Ongaku Gakkō) [the latter two of which merged to become what is today known as the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music], and the Upper Normal School (Kōtō Shihan Gakkō). His responsibilities included editing several history textbooks including Shiryaku kōan and Kokushian and assisting in the compilation of the Koji ruien (Encyclopedia of Ancient Matters).
Thereafter he was involved in managing the Imperial Museum (Teishitsu Hakubutsukan) and cataloguing the collection at the Shōsōin Imperial Treasure House at Nara, devoting himself to the preservation of valuable historical artifacts. His academic specialty was primarily philology, but he also excelled in text-based research of art and architecture and was familiar with the history of ancient customs, making him a veritable encyclopedia of all aspects of kokugaku learning. His principal writings are collected in the Kurokawa Mayori zenshū. Kurokawa died August 29, 1906, at the age of eighty-three.

- Akimoto Nobuhide

Pronunciation in Japanese/用語音声

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