Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1: 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
カテゴリー2: Personalities
Kawamura Hidene
Text (1723-92)
Scholar of National Learning (kokugaku) and samurai retainer of the Owari Nagoya Domain in the mid-Edo period. His styles included Kimifuka and Nobuyuki, common names included Kin'nosuke and Fukutarō, and he used the epistolary names Kyokushū and Ritsuan. He was born the second son of Kawamura Hidetsugu in 1723, and his elder brother Hidekai (1717-83) was also a kokugaku scholar. Hidene served as a page to domainal lord Tokugawa Muneharu's heir Kunimaru, then as page to Muneharu (1696-1764) himself, and subsequently in various capacities as a close retainer until Muneharu's death.
Kawamura and his brother pursued studies of a wide variety of disciplines and were well versed in art and literature. They studied Yoshida Shintō under Tawara Hidetatsu, Japanese classics under Reizei Tamemura (1712-74) and Tamechika, haikai (composition of seventeen-syllable poetry) from Ōta Hajō, Yoshikawa Shintō from Fukumoto Yasohiko, and court and samurai rules of ceremony and etiquette from Tada Yoshitoshi (1698-1750). The Kawamura brothers later also became the disciples of Yoshimi Yoshikazu (1673-1761). With this extensive scholarly background, Kawamura Hidene established an investigation of ancient documents that was both rational and based in "evidential learning," ushering in a new phase of research on the Japanese classics. Kawamura's two sons, Shigene and Masune continued their father's work, developing a Kawamura family tradition that came to be known as kidengaku.
Kawamura Hidekai, Hidene, Shigene and Masune collaborated on the composition of the Shoki shūge (Commentary on the Nihon shoki), a work representing a comprehensive survey of the Kawamura school. Hidene died on the twenty-sixth day of the sixth month of 1792 at the age of seventy. Other representative works include the Ruijū kokushikō.

- Yazaki Hiroyuki

Pronunciation in Japanese/用語音声

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