- Encyclopedia of Shinto
- Haga Yaichi
Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities|
Scholar of Japanese literature in the Meiji and Taisho eras, born on the fourteenth day of the fifth month of 1867 in the castle town of Fukui. Haga's father Masaki had studied National Learning (kokugaku) under Hirata Kanetane and Japanese poetry (waka) with Tachibana Akemi, and had served in the Shinto priesthood (shinshoku) at the shrines Shiogama Jinja and Minatogawa Jinja, formative experiences that profoundly influenced his son.
Haga's mother Aki was the eldest daughter of Shiba Usen, chief domainal instructor of painting. After graduating from the First Higher School he entered the Department of Letters at Imperial University (now the University of Tokyo), and after receiving his degree entered the graduate school, where he studied under Konakamura Kiyonori. In 1900 he was sent by imperial commission to study abroad in Germany. There he was introduced to German philological methods, which he applied to a reformulation of Japan's tradition of National Learning (Kokugaku). Using these methods, he redefined shin-kokugaku (New National Learning) as Japan's equivalent of European philology, in this and other ways making pioneering contributions to the establishment of Japanese literary methodology.
Haga was appointed professor at Tokyo Imperial University in 1902, and worked in an adjunct capacity on the National Language Research Committee, the Special Investigative Committee for Kana Orthography, the Investigative Committee for the Selection of School Textbooks, and other administrative positions at various levels, as well as rendering his services as editor of Japanese language and literature textbooks for use in elementary and middle schools. Haga was appointed President of Kokugakuin University in 1917. In 1920 he was appointed to the Shrine Survey Committee, and in 1925 as Special Committee member for the higher examination of candidates for the Shinto priesthood (shinshoku).
Haga died February 4, 1927, at the age of sixty-one. He was the author of Kokubungakushi jikkō (Ten Lectures on the History of Japanese Literature), Kokugakushi gairon (Survey of the History of National Learning), Kokuminsei jūron (Ten Discourses on National Identity), and Kokubungakushi gairon (Survey of the History of Japanese Literature), among many other works. The Haga Yaichi senshū (Selected Works of Haga Yaichi) in seven volumes is published by Kokugakuin University.
- Saitō Michiko