Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1: 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
カテゴリー2: Personalities
Imaizumi Sadasuke
Text (1863-1944)
Educator and Shintoist of the Meiji, Taisho and Showa periods. Born on the ninth day of the second month of 1863 in Sendai Domain (present-day Miyagi Prefecture), third son of Imaizumi Tsutayoshi, vassal of the chief retainer Katakura clan. In 1874, at the bequest of his former feudal leader Katakura Kuninori he became the adopted son of Satō Hiromi of the shrine Shiroishi Shinmeisha. He ultimately broke from his adoptive family in 1890 and resumed the name Imaizumi. In April 1879 he moved to Tokyo to attend the Shinto academy affiliated with the Bureau of Shinto Affairs (Shintō Jimukyoku) as a resident student. There he was befriended by Maruyama Sakura (1840-1899), and became his assistant and disciple.
In September 1882, in the interest of curbing what he viewed as an excessive Meiji emphasis on European studies, and as an effort to preserve the tradition of National Learning (kokugaku), he began studies of Japanese literature at the Institute for Imperial Classics (Koten Kōshūka) attached to the Department of Literature at the University of Tokyo (renamed Imperial University in March 1886), graduating in September 1886. In December of the same year he made an adjunct member of the editorial committee of the Tokyo Academic Order (Tokyo Gakushikaiin) and worked at editing the Koji ruien (Encyclopedia of Ancient Matters). In 1890 he contributed to the foundation of Kokugakuin, and in November of that year became one of the school's first lecturers.
In December 1908, Imaizumi was appointed head of the Miyagi headquarters of the Jingū Service Foundation (Jingū Hōsaikai, an association of devotees of the Grand Shrines of Ise; see Ise Jingū), and in May 1921, he became national head of this group. He served as special legal defense counsel during the Ketsumeidan Incident of 1934. Throughout his life he delivered many lectures and wrote extensively on the topic of Japan's national polity (kokutai). He died September 11, 1944, at the age of eighty-two. His works include Kokutai genri, Ōharai kōgi and Kōdō ronsō, which are collected in the Imaizumi Sadasuke-sensei kenkyū zenshū (Professor Imaizumi Sadasuke Research Collection, 3 volumes).

- Yamanishi Itsurō

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