- Encyclopedia of Shinto
- Arakida Hisaoyu
Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities|
Scholar of National Learning (kokugaku) and poet of the mid-Edo period. The second son of Hashimura Masanobu, Arakida used the epistolary name Itsukisono. He was appointed Provisional Suppliant Priest (gon-negi) at the Outer Shrine of the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū) at the age of eight. Hisaoyu's father, a scholar at Ise, instructed his elder brother Masanori (1742-1800) in Chinese classics and trained Hisaoyu in kokugaku. Hisaoyu spent the year 1764 at Isawa in Ise province, intensely studying the Genryaku kōhon Man'yōshū, a Heian-period transcription of the Man'yōshū poetry compilation. Inspired by the experience, he began studies under the famous kokugaku scholar Kamo no Mabuchi (1697-1769) the following year. At the age of twenty-eight, he was adopted into the family of Uji Hisayo, gon-negi of the Inner Shrine at Ise. After this he studied the Man'yōshū assiduously, completing a three-volume work entitled Man'yōkō tsuki no ochiba (Fallen Leaves of the Man'yōshū). He contributed to the posthumous publication of Noritokō and Nihimanabi and other texts written by his mentor Mabuchi, and his stature as a poet in the Man'yōshū tradition can be discerned in his own work entitled Tsuki no ochiba kashū, which carries on the poetic style of his teacher.
As an oshi (a priest of the Grand Shrines serving the needs of pilgrims), Arakida was known as Uji Ōguchi Tayū; in that capacity he made regular visits to client pilgrimage confraternities in the province of Shinano (present-day Nagano Prefecture), thus inspiring his essay Shinano manroku. He fostered close relationships with scholars, initially with Motoori Norinaga (1730-1801), then others such as Tachibana Moribe (1781-1849), Katori Nahiko (1723-1782), Murata Harumi (1746-1811) and Kurita Hijimaro (1736-1811), while his disciples included Watanabe Shigena (1759-1830) and Ajiro Hironori (1784-1856). He died on the fourteenth day of the eighth month of 1804 at the age of fifty-nine.