Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||4. Jinja (Shrines)|
|カテゴリー2：||Ritual Implements and Vestments|
One type of heihaku, formed by attaching flowing strips of paper or cloth (particularly yū, rough cloth made from the bast fibers of paper mulberry) to a sprig of sakaki, a staff, or a sacred border rope (shimenawa). It is usually rendered with a single character 垂 but can also be written with the compound 四手, meaning "four hands." Although yū was formerly used, most shide today are made of paper. A variety of methods are used to fold and cut the strips, including those with 2, 4, and 8 folds. Shide are likewise found in a variety of specific styles, the best known of which include Ise, Shirakawa, and Yoshida. Nowadays shide are most frequently found as one component of implements used in purification, but they are also suspended from sacred border ropes to demarcate sacred or ritual space. In such cases, they symbolize sacred borders. A Grand Champion (yokozuna) of sumō wrestling wears a decorative shimenawa festooned with shide around his ornamental belt during the ring-entrance ceremonies of a sumō tournament. See also heihaku, shimenawa.
— Inoue Nobutaka