Encyclopedia of Shinto

詳細表示 (Complete Article)

カテゴリー1: 4. Jinja (Shrines)
カテゴリー2: Shrine Architecture
Text [Sai kan]
A structure used by shrine officials (shinshoku) to retreat for secluded purification (kessai) prior to serving in divine ceremonies. At the Grand Shrines of Ise, separate halls exist for the purificatory retreats of priests known as negi (suppliants or senior priests), uchindo ("privy ministers"), and monoimi ("abstainers"). Sometimes called shukukan ("dormitories"), such facilities are mentioned in early works such as the Gishikichō, a work describing ritual activities at Ise's Outer Shrine. Before the Meiji period, the priests at most shrines, including so-called "Great Shrines" or taisha, performed ritual purification (saikai) in their usual residences. Saikan began to be built following the appearance of shrine illustrations establishing the standards for shrine facilities in the Meiji period. Most shrines, however, combined the functions of such structures with shrine offices (shamusho) and other buildings and did not establish dedicated facilities for purificatory seclusion.
— Mori Mizue

Pronunciation in Japanese/用語音声

No movie/映像なし