Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1: 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
カテゴリー2: Modern Sectarian Groups
A Shinto-derived new religion founded by Naniwa Hisakazu (1902-84). Hisakazu was born as the second son of Ishii Hanjirō and his wife Miwa in the Kashima district of Okayama Prefecture, but at the age of nine he took on the surname of his mother's family. After graduating from high school he worked for the Ōbayashi Corporation, but in 1930 had a dream in which he saw five deities (kami) standing by his bedside. Thereafter, his extraordinary experiences continued, with the result that he quit his job at the Ōbayashi Corporation and decided to begin religious proselytizing. In the same year he established the Daihō Senkyōjo (Great Dharma Mission Center), under the auspices of Shintō Honkyoku.
After making a pilgrimage to worship at the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū) in 1935, Naniwa gave the name Tengenkyō (lit., "heaven-origin-teaching") to his doctrine. In this period, the contents of his activities came under suspicion by the police, and he was arrested three times, with the result that the Daihō Senkyōjo finally seceded from Shinto Honkyoku. Naniwa moved to Shinagawa in Tokyo to continue his religious activities, and in 1940 his movement became the legal religious association (shūkyō kessha) Tengen Kyōkai (Heaven Origin Church).
Following World War II, the movement's religious activities continued to be centered on Tokyo; in 1948 it registered as a legal religious person under the Religious Corporations Ordinance (Shūkyō Hōjinrei), and in 1952 under the Religious Corporations Law (Shūkyō Hōjinhō). Naniwa died in 1984, but his eldest son Naniwa Riman (1937-) had succeeded him the previous year, and thus became the group's spiritual leader. The movement teaches that both good and bad spirits exist, and that in order to overcome the spiritual powers of the bad spirits, it is essential to see into their nature as evil.
Headquarters: Tokyo
Nominal membership: approximately 10,000 (M)
—Inoue Nobutaka

Pronunciation in Japanese/用語音声