Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1: 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
カテゴリー2: Modern Sectarian Groups
Shintō Shinshinkyō
A Shinto-derived new religion founded by Adachi Taijūrō (1841-1895). Adachi was born in Hikami district in what is now Hyogo Prefecture. For a time he was a member of Kurozmikyō, but he received a divine revelation after nine years of engaging in his own unique form of practice, and also experienced a miraculous visitation in 1893.
As the result of such experiences, Adachi began to develop his own unique movement. The doctrines he expounded were in essence the same as those set out in the three articles of edification promulgated by the Ministry of Religion in 1873. These three articles were (1) to respect the kami and be patriotic, (2) to make clear the principles of Heaven and the Way of Man, and (3) to revere the emperor and obey the will of the imperial court. Following Adachi's death in 1895 his adopted son-in-law Adachi Tatsujirō (1880-1940) became the group's second leader, establishing a headquarters in Hyogo Ward in Kobe and launching out on a concerted program of proselytizing activities. In 1926 the Shinshinkai was established, operating as a member of the umbrella organization Shintō Honkyoku (later Shintō Taikyō). In 1935 the movement was reorganized as the Shinshin Kyōkai and expanded its proselytizing activities in Osaka, Hyogo, Okayama and elsewhere.
In 1941 Adachi Tatsujirō's eldest son Jūtarō (1911-73) took office as the group's third leader and moved the headquarters to its current location. After the war it became independent of Shintō Taikyō and was registered as an independent religious organization under the Religious Corporations Law (Shūkyō Hōjinhō). After Adachi Jūtarō's death, his wife Adachi Hideko became Shintō Shinshinkyō's fourth leader. The group focuses its devotions on three objects of worship, namely the kami (Amaterasu sumeōkami), the monarch (the emperor), and one's progenitors (including both parents and ancestors).
Headquarters: Hyōgo Prefecture
Nominal membership: approximately 21,000 (M)

—Inoue Nobutaka

Pronunciation in Japanese/用語音声

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