Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1: 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
カテゴリー2: Modern Sectarian Groups
A Shinto-derived new religion founded by Nagahashi Yasuhiko (1895-1981). Its foundation dates from 1931, when Yasuhiko met the spiritualist Matsushita Matsuzō (1873-1947) who was active at the time in Kumamoto. It is said that Yasuhiko had already experienced the gift of clairvoyance and had studied name-divination (onomancy), divination using the I-Ching, and physiognomy. However, while kneeling in front of Matsushita as the latter mysteriously guessed the circumstances of his visit, Nagahashi felt his whole body—in the kneeling (seiza) position he was in at the time—float up in mid-air. This event was said to have occurred on November 17, 1931, a date considered within the movement as the day of the manifestation of Nagahashi's divine power. Thereafter, Nagahashi continued to visit Matsushita and in 1932 he became affiliated with Shintō Taishakyō as he dedicated himself to the religious life.
In 1940, Yasuhiko organized the Shūkyō Kessha Kanazawa Kōsha (Kanazawa religious association) with an affiliation to the Shinto umbrella organization Shintō Taikyō. After the end of World War II, he registered this group in 1952 under the Religious Corporations Law as Shidaidōkyō. In 1961 it took on its current name.
The name Shidaidō ("four-fold great way") refers to the four virtues of loyalty, filial piety, veneration of the kami, and reverence for ancestors, and the movement strongly emphasizes these as the Way which humans should follow. The group's superintendent (kanchō) delivers sermons and instructs devotees, while the movement is also active in social welfare works as a member of the Shinshūren (Federation of New Religious Organizations of Japan).
Headquarters: Ishikawa Prefecture
Nominal membership: approximately 3,600 (M)

— Yumiyama Tatsuya

Pronunciation in Japanese/用語音声

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