Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
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A Shinto-derived new religion founded by Orimo Nami (1893-1966). Born in Saitama Prefecture, Orimo grew up in difficult circumstances, working from a very young age as a nursemaid, live-in servant, and in a spinning mill. After marrying she worked at numerous occupations with her husband, but both husband and eldest son died in 1929. She later also lost her second daughter and in 1940, her second son. Shortly after the death of her second son, she began hearing the voice of a kami coming from within her chest. She visited various spirit mediums, but World War II broke out before she had received a satisfactory explanation for her visitations.
In 1942 Orimo experienced a visitation from the "great kami of heaven" (Daihizen ōkami), and embarked on a path dedicated to saving others. As rumors about her spread, so many people came to visit her that she was called for questioning by the police on suspicion of violating the Maintenance of Public Order Act. Following the war, she established the Daihizenkyō in 1949, and in the same year registered it as a religious corporation under the Religious Corporations Ordinance (Shūkyō Hōjinrei), and in 1953 under the Religious Corporations Law (Shūkyō Hōjinhō).
When Orimo died in 1966, her fifth son Orimo Masamitsu (1927-) succeeded her as leader. Masamitsu had also experienced mystical visitations during the war era. After withdrawing from Tokyo University of Science (Tokyo Rika Daigaku), he devoted himself to the religious life from 1951. Since his mother's death, however, the movement has ceased to expand. The movement's teachings place emphasis on becoming aware that we are alive thanks to the blessings of the sun—the source of all life—and nature.
Nominal membership: approximately 3,200 (M)
— Inoue Nobutaka