Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities|
Scholar of Japanese language of the Meiji and Showa eras. Born the first month of 1867 in the Edo residence of the lord of Nagoya Domain. Graduated in 1888 from Imperial University (now the University of Tokyo) Department of Literature in Japanese literature, and entered the university's graduate school, where he studied linguistics under Basil Hall Chamberlain (1850-1935). From 1888 to 1892 he studied abroad in Germany and France. Upon his return to Japan, he became a professor at Imperial University, where he introduced the study of European linguistics and set about revolutionizing research on the Japanese language, transforming the field from a tradition relying on Edo period kokugaku practices to the adoption of modern scientific methodology. He received his doctorate in literature in 1899, and retired from teaching in 1927. In this interval, he served as Member, Interim Chairman and in several other capacities on the National Language Research Committee (Kokugo Chōsa Iinkai—now the Council on the National Language, Kokugo Shingikai).
Ueda actively contributed to government policies in the field of linguistics, and is renowned for establishing the practice of using the word kokugo ("national language") to refer to Japanese. He was appointed Director of the Institute for the Study of the Japanese Classics (Kōten Kōkyūsho) in 1918, served from 1919 to 1926 as President of Jingū Kōgakukan (now Kōgakkan University) in Ise, President of Kokugakuin University from 1927, and from 1929 served as an advisor at the Kōten Kōkyūsho. In these capacities, Ueda engaged in the education of the Shinto priesthood (shinshoku) and Shinto scholarship. Ueda died in 1937 at the age of seventy-one. Most of his personal book collection was donated to the library at Jingū Bunko, the library at the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū). He was the author of Kokugo no tame (For a National Language) and kokugaku no jūkō (Ten Lectures on the Study of the National Language), among other works.