Basic Terms of Shinto 神道基本用語集

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Text Ceremonial court music and dancing, preserved from antiquity in the Music Department (see gakubu) of the imperial household and at certain shrines and temples. Gagaku contains many elements from Chinese and Indian performing arts. The accompaniment includes reed and percussion instruments, and the dancers wear prescribed costumes and masks and hold prescribed objects. A performance of instrumental music without dancing is called kangen. A dance performance with musical accompaniment is called bugaku. Representative pieces include Ranryôô, Nasori, and Gejôraku.