Basic Terms of Shinto 神道基本用語集

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Text Theology. Originally used to refer to specifically Shinto studies, the term is now used to mean theology in general. Shinto theology begins with the oral traditions preserved by the kataribe (narrators) of ancient times. The Kojiki was compiled from accounts transmitted orally through a kataribe named Hieda no Are. These oral traditions were edited and rearranged on certain theological principles and presented in the form of national histories, the Kojiki and Nihongi. However, the earliest example in Japan of a theology with a substantial philosophical and apologetic background is the honji suijaku theory (see honji-suijaku_setsu) of Shinto-Buddhist syncretism (shinbutsu shûgô), which led to the development of opposing movements such as Ise Shintô and Yoshida Shintô. In the Edo period, a new epoch of Shinto studies began with the kokugaku or National Learning of scholars such as Motoori Norinaga and Hirata Atsutane. Prominent Shinto thinkers of the Meiji period include Kawazura Bonji, Kawai Kiyomaru, and Kakei Katsuhiko. Noteworthy postwar figures include Ono Motonori, Nakanishi Akira, and Matsunaga Motoki.