Basic Terms of Shinto 神道基本用語集

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Text The way of the kami (deities). Numerous deities, including clan ancestors, were worshiped in ancient Japan, and official life was also inextricably bound up with worship of the gods. However, this native religion was not known by any particular name until Buddhism and Confucianism were imported from the Chinese continent. As a religion, Shinto is not based on a founder, dogma, or sacred scripture, but rather on custom, reverence for ancestral traditions, and living and acting according to the guidance of the gods. The imperial house has preserved a relatively pure version of this ancient tradition; popular beliefs have generally developed in amalgamation with other religions. Sect Shinto (Kyôha Shintô) is a development of the nineteenth century in which individual sects were founded by specific leaders. After the second world war, a number of new religions (shinkô Shintô) also developed. Historical schools and movements within Shinto include Restoration Shinto (Fukko Shintô), Ise Shintô, Confucianistic Shinto (Jugaku Shintô), Shingon Shintô, Suiga Shintô, Tendai Shintô, Yoshida Shintô, and Yoshikawa Shintô.