Basic Terms of Shinto 神道基本用語集

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Yoshida Shintô
Text One of the academic schools of Shinto. Also called Gempon Sôgen Shintô (Fundamental, Elemental Shinto), Yuiitsu Shintô (One-and-Only Shinto), and Urabe Shintô. The Yoshida family was in ancient times a family of diviners serving the court; they later served as priests at the Yoshida Jinja and Hirano Jinja in Kyoto. The Shinto traditions preserved by that family for generations were summarized and systematized by Yoshida Kanetomo in the fifteenth century. Yoshida Shintô expounds the unity of Shinto, Buddhism, and Confucianism, with Shinto as the basic factor. It recognizes the external existence of kami and also sees kami dwelling internally in the individual soul. It also emphasizes purity and cleanliness. From the late medieval period until the time of the Meiji Restoration, Yoshida Shintô teachings were propagated throughout the country, influencing appointments to the priesthood and decisions regarding religious ceremonies.