- Encyclopedia of Shinto
Encyclopedia of Shinto
詳細表示 (Complete Article)
|カテゴリー1：||8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities|
|カテゴリー2：||Modern Sectarian Groups|
An Ōmoto-lineage new religion. Its founder Nakano Yonosuke (1887-1974) learned of Ōmoto initially through the first Ōmoto incident of 1921 and joined the movement due to his attraction to the personality of Deguchi Onisaburō (1871-1948). Nakano studied the concept of "mediated spirit possession" (chinkon kishin) of Honda Chikaatsu, and the "spirit of words" (kotodamagaku) of Ōishigo Masumi and experienced a divine vision in the early Shōwa period. He was implicated in the second Ōmoto incident of 1935 but later acquitted. From 1932 to 1940 Nakano studied Honda Chikaatsu's "spirit studies" (reigaku) with Honda's disciple Nagasawa Katsutate and based on these studies, founded Ananaikyō in 1949, registering the group as a religious legal person under the Religious Corporations Ordinance. The group was further registered as an independent religious corporation under the Religious Corporations Law in 1952. Regarding the name of this movement, it is generally agreed that it emanates from an event in 1899 when Nagasawa Katsutate, who had become a saniwa (spirit mediator), was mediating in a case of spirit possession (kishin). Nagasawa received a divine message which stated in effect that"fifty years from now, in the village of Tamai in Shimizu City, a world religion, called by a name written with the ideograms ‘3' and ‘5' but read as ‘Ananai' will arise, and from that point on, it will reveal the way of the gods to the entire world." Since this revelation made it clear that the religion would act in harmony with the religions of the world, the movement has associated itself with the Baha'i faith since 1950. In 1952 it elected from its overseas sympathizers a German to take the role of emeritus leader of Ananaikyō's European section, and it developed a plan for European proselytization. From 1954 on, Ananaikyō has sponsored a variety of meetings among the religions of the world. Based on a divine revelation that religion and astronomy are one and the same, the group began in 1956 to promote activities related to astronomy. Beginning with its construction (in 1957) of the Ananaikyō astronomy observatory on the peak of Mount Kōkanzan in Numazu City, it has established a number of such observatories throughout Japan.
The second leader of the movement was Nakano's adopted daughter Nakano Yoshiko (1933-), and its third leader is Nakano Masamiya.
Nominal membership: approximately 34,000.
- Tsushiro Hirofumi